The 2015 haze crisis had a direct impact on many of our employees and the communities living around our plantations. Since then, have been channelling our efforts and resources towards the long-term prevention of fires.
Zero Burning Policy
We do not tolerate the use of fire in land preparation or development. We have adopted a Zero Burning Policy in 1997 and a policy of not developing on peat in 2010. These policies apply to all of our subsidiaries too. Since November 2014, we have also voluntarily stopped all new plantings in our nucleus estates.
We have put in place a wide range of measures to prevent fires in our plantations as part of our existing Standard Operating Procedure (SOPs) for fire management. More than 10,000 Emergency Response Team personnel have been trained and are stationed across our plantations, ready to be deployed in a fire emergency.
Multi-Pronged Approach to Fire Management
Prevention and Education
Our aim is to focus on prevention through education. We have consistently engaged farmers and communities in areas where we operate to support our no-burning approach to clear land. This preventive method also ensures all illegal fires are reported to authorities to enable them to take appropriate actions.
We have set up a Fire Command Post at HQ in Jakarta to coordinate fire management and suppression with the teams on the ground. The teams work together to verify information about fire incidents. This enables the management and suppression of fires to proceed swiftly.
On the ground, we have put in place numerous measures to counter burning and to put out fires including:
- Keeping the peat areas moist by re-wetting the areas with water from rivers and ponds, which were constructed for that purpose
- Utilising fire-monitoring towers
- Preparing Emergency Response Teams consisting of about 30 to 40 personnel per team to handle fire suppression
- Preparing water reservoirs around conservation areas to ensure adequate supply of water during a fire
- Stationing fire engines at the plantation
- Transferring 6-ton water container tanks to areas that are burning
- Ensuring adequate number portable pumps to be used for fire suppression
- Using high-capacity pumps to pump water from the nearest river/ stream to put out fires
- Increasing the frequency of fire patrols and involving the community in fire monitoring
- Carrying out coordinated fire suppression with local authorities. A police report is also lodged for every incident.
Working with Our Supply Chain
We engage proactively with suppliers in high-risk areas to help them build capacity in fire management, prevention, and suppression. We are ensuring our supply chain comply with our Zero Burning Policy.
Finding Long-Term Solutions
We have been focusing on long-term workable solutions to tackle forest fires in Indonesia. To do this effectively involves finding ways to work with communities to prevent fires from starting in the first place. We are helping communities to be self-sufficient by offering farmers alternative, sustainable methods of land preparation, which at the same time guarantee food security for their families.
In 2015, we announced a Peat Ecosystem Rehabilitation Project in PT AMNL in West Kalimantan. The project focuses on rehabilitating a peat conservation area of around 2,600 hectares and involving the community in joint conservation efforts. This is in line with the Indonesian Government focus on protecting and restoring peat areas.
In 2016, 17 villages from West Kalimantan and Jambi took part in the Desa Siaga Api pilot programme as part of our overall fire prevention strategy in cooperation with local stakeholders. Villages in the pilot programme were provided with training on fire prevention, basic infrastructure, and early-warning processes to deal with the risk of fires. Following the success of our fire-prevention strategy, we will now expand successful areas of the programme to become Desa Makmur Peduli Api, where in West Kalimantan we are combining three components – fire prevention, conservation, and food security.